Satellite Imagery Shows Northern California Kelp Forests Have Collapsed

March 11, 2021 By Alex Fox Smithsonian Magazine
The coastal waters of Northern California are changing. A decade ago, hundreds of miles of the rugged seaside were flanked by thick, swaying underwater forests of amber-green bull kelp that were home to fish, abalone and a host of other species. Now, those forests have been nearly wiped out by a series of environmental events that have been falling like ill-fated dominos since 2013.